Design Management seeks to establish methods of managing projects which are focused on improving designing processes. In the case of Infrastructure and Building projects the success of implementing Design Management through the Project Life Cycle can represent the difference between a better result for the project in terms of quality as well as Timing, Cost, Value , or failure, given the complex nature that is Infrastructure and Building projects in the present day world. personalo atranka
Design Management is however primarily focused on the Design Process within the project framework , and it is only a component of the overall Project Management of a project although it is a essential component of the overall project. darbuotojų paie
If you’re going to become a successful Design Manager, and get better results for your customers and your own company You cannot handle the design process haphazardly, and expect to achieve consistent outcomes. Design projects should be managed with a well-established step-by-step procedure. This article provides a brief overview of the stage-by-stage processes and offers the Design Manager with a roadmap to efficiently managing Infrastructure and Building projects. This Design Management role is considered in this article within the situation that of an internal or consultant design manager, not as a Design Manager in the design team. This is also on an assumption of a fully-documented Contract for Design as well as Construct exclusive contract. vadovų paieška
Stage 1: Early Design Management Involvement-Statement of Need
The final product for at this point will consist of an Design Report that will directly be integrated into the Client’s Statement Of Need as well as the overall Business Case.
Participation early in during the Project Life Cycle is important however this will require a reassurance from the client to make them recognize the benefits this will bring. There are many important tasks to be completed in this phase:
1.1 Obtained and assessing all available design key Information
- The collection of all data and details
- Go to the website
- Review contract in relation to design aspects
- Examine the degree of design that has been developed until now.
- Examine information and identify the most important points
- Review the findings with the Client
- Evaluate the team’s capability requirements and the resourcing requirements
- Review any charges that are required at this point.
- Engage a consultant as needed to provide necessary information and technical inputs to aid in the preparation for the report on design.
1.2 Design Risk Review
- Find design risks and develop an Design Risk Register
- Find the Safety in Design issues
- Review and offer suggestions for ways to reduce risk in the ongoing stages
- 1.3 Design Reports Inputs to Statement of Need
- Create a draft report on design in the Statement of Need report and go over the draft with Client
- Finalize the Design Report component into the Statement of Need report
Second Stage Design The Management of the Outline Design Stage
Once The Statement of Need or Business Case that has been officially approved to allow the project to move forward The next step is to set to get the Outline Design stage going.This stage is about clarifying the Client’s requirements and the requirements of the project in order to establish a solid basis in order for design to go on and is also the best moment to involve consultants and establish for the official Design Management procedure. These are the most important steps to be completed in this stage
2.1 Define the design requirements of the client and design requirements for the project
- Collect all current and up-to-date information about the project via the client.
- Find any inconsistencies within the information given.
- Talk with the Client to go over the information given and to identify any additional information that is required.
- 2.2 Employ Design Consultants
- Engage all of the consultants required to create your Functional Design Brief. It is essential that the job description is clear regarding the amount of input needed and is clearly stated in their contract.
2.3 Create a Functional Design Brief
- Coordinate and manage the consultant team in delivering an Functional Design brief which will be able to meet and document the requirements of the client as well as their needs. It will form the foundation across all disciplines.
- A Functional Brief will generally be supported by Concept sketch sketches of the design that give an overview of design concept.
2.4 Make your Design Management Plan (DMP)
The DMP will outline how the design will be handled and must be prepared in the early stages during the designing process to ensure optimal outcomes. The DMP is a part of the Project Management Plan prepared by the Project Manager.
The main Design headings that are included in the DMP are as the following:
- Project Overview
- Process and associated procedures
- Documentation & Deliverables Schedule
- Value Engineering
- Change Management
- Independent Third Party Permits, checks, and checks
- Quality Management
- Client Approvals
- Close Out and As Built Record
2.5 Outline Cost Plans
- Control and coordinate the creation for The Outline Cost Plan with the Quantity Surveyor as well as input from all relevant consultants.
2.6 Determine Design-related Risks
- Find Design Risks within the Risk Management framework.
- Manage and analyze risks, and keep your Risk Register, design out the risks when feasible.
- Check that safety in Design requirements are followed.
2.7 Value Management
- Plan an event for a value Management workshop. It is the thorough analysis of the primary features or results of a project in order to ensure the best price for the money is realized. It offers a broad look at the role of the project, as well as capital and recurrent expenses.
- Create an Value Management Report and implement the recommendations.
2.8 Project Approvals
- Outline and outline the process for planning approval and integrate it with the design process’s specifications.
Third Stage Design and Management in Stage 3: Design Management during Schematic Design Stage
After completed the Outline Design Stage formally approved for the project to move on to the next step and the next step is getting to get the Schematic Design Stage going. This stage involves defining an overall design that spans all disciplines as per the Functional Design Brief that was approved. These are the main aspects of this stage
3.1 Control the development of the SchematicDesign
- Assist the team in creating Schematic Design. Schematic Design.
- Check the conformity with the Schematic design to The Functional Design brief.
- Review the Design Programme in conjunction with the overall plan of work.
- Coordination of the creation of Schematic Design with the project procurement process.
- Control the process of preparing The Schematic Design Report which contains sketches and outline specifications for all disciplines.
3.2 Schematic Design Cost Plans
- Coordinate and manage the development of Schematic Cost Plan with the Quantity Surveyor, taking input from all of the relevant consultants.
- Consider any design choices that are important that affect the Quantity Surveyor which could impact the costs.
3.3 Recognize Design Risks
- Determine Design Risks within the Risk Management framework.
- Assess and manage risks and regularly update your Risk Register, design out potential risks whenever feasible.
- Make sure that Safety in Design requirements are followed.
3.4 Value Engineering
- Organise the Value Engineering Workshop, including external peer reviewers to dispel the “built into” objection to changes and gain a new perspectives
- Create an Value Engineering Report and present to the client and then implement accepted Value Engineering recommendations within the Schematic Design Report or in the design phase when appropriate.
3.5 Project Approvals
- Review and revise the approval process for planning and ensure that it is in line with the design process’s specifications.
- Control your submissions of necessary Planning Approval Application.
3.6 Refresh the DMP
- Review and revise the DMP to reflect the present project conditions.
Stage 4: Design management in the Design Detail Stage
After that the Schematic Design Stage formally approved for the project to move to the next stage, the following step is to start going with the Detailed Design Stage going. This critical stage involves preparing the tendering process and construction across all disciplines as a result of the approval of the Schematic Design Report. These are the most important aspects of this stage
4.1 Control the Development of the Design Detail
- Lead the team to develop The Detailed Design ready for tender and include as necessary meetings of coordination between disciplines that are experiencing difficulties in coordination and the exchange of draft design sketches and specifications to ensure inter-disciplinary coordination.
- Control Variations and changes.
- Verify the compliance with the Detailed Design in accordance with Check the design’s compliance with Schematic Design Report, Value Engineering recommendations, and review the Functional Design Short.
- Review the Design Programme in conjunction with the overall project plan
- Coordinate the creation of the Detailed Design with the project procurement process. This includes early delivery documentation to Quantity Surveyor in order to begin with the Bill of Quantities. Anything “shortcuts” within the delivered documents that are necessary to meet the tender program must be thoroughly understood and negotiated
- Coordinate the inputs for the preparation of Contract documents that are being written by the Project Manager.
- Think about the need for lead disciplines producing base and background plans, like architects working on building projects to complete these prior to the engineering disciplines that support them, in order to give all disciplines with sufficient time to finish their related work. The team can’t realistically work efficiently in tandem to complete all of the work simultaneously without a delay to the leading discipline. It also gives time to consultants to go through the documentation of the related disciplines. Give enough amount of time within the plan to allow this gap in the completion process and coordination.
4.2 Detail Designs Cost Estimate and Pre-Tender Budget
- Control and coordinate the preparation of Detailed Cost Plan with the Quantity Surveyor as well as input from all of the relevant consultants.
- Define any important decisions that should be made by make to Quantity Surveyor.
- Make preparations for the Pre Tender Estimate (PTE).
- Make any necessary action If the PTE exceeds the detailed design cost Plan.
4.3 Identify Design Risques
- Determine any other Design Risks in your framework of Risk Management framework.
- Assess and manage any remaining risks , and Update your Risk Register, design out risk where feasible.
- Assure that safety in Design requirements are followed
4.4 Peer Review and Value Engineering
- Make arrangements for the specifications and drawings being developed to be submitted for Bill of Quantities or that are 90% complete to be made available to External Peer Review to assess the “tender quality” of tender documents for all discipline. It is also a good moment to evaluate the consistency of presentation of documents across all disciplines, and to ensure that they adhere to the project’s protocols, like format of the title sheet size, sheet dimensions, drawing sizes and overlaps drawings, drawing scales, revision notation and document numbers.
- In the course in the Peer Review process, Value Engineering of the detailing in the tender documents should be completed simultaneously to ensure that the tender documentation is as efficient as it can be.
- Control the responses to peer reviews and provide the team with the opportunity to reply to the critiques and include the recommended and agreed upon comments or marks ups. Give enough amount of time within the designing program to conduct this crucial procedure.
4.5 Project Approvals
- Review and revise the process for planning approval and ensure that it is in line with the design process’s specifications.
- Control to submit any necessary Planning Approval Application.
- Get any necessary certification from the consultant.
- Be aware of any necessary inputs needed to get the necessary Planning and Building approvals.
4.6 Make the necessary updates to the DMP
- Revise and amend the DMP in order to account to the current circumstances of the project
- 4.7 The Tender Readiness Report
- Prepare a Tender Readiness Report to the Client , recommending issue tender, including any problems or risks, as well as the PTE.
Stage 5. Design Control during the Tender Stage
After completed the Detailed Design Stage Tender Readiness Report that has been officially accepted for the project to go to Tender the following step will be to prepare the design documents that will be released to tender. The following are the main requirements for this phase:
5.1 Design Documentation to be prepared for the tender
- Assist the team in delivering the documents in accordance with the DMP according to the deadline in the necessary softcopy and hardcopy formats to the appropriate locations.
- Make sure you have the proper document transmissions.
- Use this time to get caught up on maintenance of the documents on the server as well as local drives and hardcopies.
5.3 Tender Technical Questions and clarifications
- Handle all tender technical questions and clarifications throughout the tender period . Arrange responses from the team members when needed.
- Participate in any meeting to discuss clarification with the contractor, as required by the Project Manager.
- Take care of any design or document requirements for addendums needed due to the absence of the tender due to time limitations or new client requirements.
5.5 Tender Evaluation
- Take care of all technical tender review and assessment feedback from team members, allowing for the proposal to be assessed from a technical standpoint.
- If required, prepare an evaluation report for technical reasons and submit it an evaluation report to the project manager.
- Participate in all negotiations in which technical issues require additional clarification. Also, arrange for suitable technical inputs from the team members.
5.6 Manage Consultants
- Control the finalisation of fees related to design and any outstanding modifications and claims.
6. Stage: Design Management at the construction stage
After the Tender officially awarded and assuming that the Project manager will normally oversee the construction phase of delivery of the project the Design Manager’s role is usually reduced at this stage to an advisory job only, or if needed due to ongoing or incomplete design developments resulting from customer modifications or variations in tender negotiations. Here are a few of the most important tasks at this phase:
6.1 Issue Approved Construction(AFC) documents
- Control the team to deliver the AFC documents in accordance with the DMP according to the timeframe in the appropriate formats of softcopy and hardcopy to the appropriate locations.
- Collect the necessary document transmittals
- Use this opportunity to complete the maintenance of server files locally on drives, as well as hardcopies
6.3 Outstanding Design
- Assist the team in creating outstanding designs as a result of changes to the client’s needs or the result of the negotiations for tenders
6.4 Control Design Submissions for Contractors
- The degree of complexity of the design help the Project Manager oversee the team when the review and response to any contractor’s design.
Design and Management in Action
This methodology is an approach general to Design Managing Infrastructure and Building Project. The methodology has been implemented successfully to a variety of projects not considered by the author, but like any Designer would be aware that every project is unique and each designer and team differs. typically